The Uffizi Gallery, one of the most important museum in the world, is inside a palace that in origin is made up to house offices (Uffizi, in the old Italian). Cosimo I, the Grand Duke wanted to join all the public office in the same palace, so he asked to Vasari to make the project to a palace which have to rise close to Palazzo della Signoria. Vasari chose the space and organized the construction in long, make it light with high arcades. The palace was build from 1560 to 1580 under the direction of Alfonso Parigi and Bernardo Buontalenti who followed the original design of Vasari. We have to wait Fracesco I de’ Medici, for chose the first art work inside the palace. He was followed by Ferdinando I, who moved some sculptures from a Villa in Rome, and more than everyone, Leopoldo and Cosimo II who transformed the Galleria in one of the most interesting private art collections. Now the museum guests some of the most important world art works made by named like Botticelli, Andrea del Castagno, Giotto, Cimabue, Duccio di Buoninsegna, Paolo Uccello, Pier della Francesca, Beato Angelico, Filippo Lippi, Sandro Boticelli, Del Pollaiolo, Masaccio, Leonardo da Vinci, Andrea Mantegna, Vasari, Pontormo, Raffaello, Buontalenti, Perugino,Giorgione, Andrea del Sarto, Michelangelo, Tintoretto, Caravaggio, Parmigianino, Rembrant, just to mentioned some
The Accademia Museum is famous for housing the Michelangelo sculpture David. In origin it was placed close Palazzo Vecchio, to express the human strong and the Republic of Florence freedom. Also the David origin has an story itself. The piece of marble in which was sculptured the David in origin is for another sculpture. The other sculptur, Agostino di Duccio, abandoned the stone which was taken by Michelangelo. He decided to do a statues of David. Instead of the little boy who can never win against Golia, without God help, he make a big and strong man, sure about its’ muscles and force. The eyes look show the interior power and the mental cleaver. The Michelangelo David is a paradigm of the new thinking and renaissance philosophy: the Humanise. Man have a great value in itself and have not to be terrified by extra natural power. Michelangelo, following the new philosophical theories, believed also that is not the sculpture who choose the statues, but the statues which ask to go out from the marble. This thinking become stronger in the last period of his life. The other statues which is possible to admire in the Accademia, respond at this thinking. They are not completed (especially the Pieta, an other version of the one which is in Rome and which is not smoothed) or they are leaved in the act of go out from the stone: the Prigioni (prisoners).
Santa Maria del Fiore, receive this name because of its plant the remind a big flower. The Duomo building was begun in 1296 after the direction of Arnolfo di Cambio. The new cathedral was built around an ancient church dedicated to Santa Reparata (the tradition says that the church was destroyed after the build of the new church). The build of the cathedral carried on for ages, and the jobs directions passed from Arnolfo di Cambio to Giotto (1334-1336), Francesco Talenti, Lapo and Giovanni Ghini. The dome was Brunelleschi work. The constructions carry on from 1418 to 1434. The façade was completed in 1887 by Emilio de Fabris following the Arnolfo di Cambio plan, modified by Talenti. The bell tower shows the alternations of the different artists in the floors building: Giotto (1334), Andrea Pisano (who take the work after Giotto dead) and, at the end Francesco Talenti who finished it in 1359. On the bell tower is possible to admire 16 statues (big as a men) an art works by Andrea Pisano, Donatello e Luca Della Robbia and other artist of 14th an 15th century.